ISSN 1308-7649 | E-ISSN 2148-3817
Original Article
The Adenoid Microbiome in Recurrent Acute Otitis Media and Obstructive Sleep Apnea
1 Department of Otolaryngology, University of Florida, Gainesville, USA  
J Int Adv Otol 2017; 13: 333-339
DOI: 10.5152/iao.2017.4203
Key Words: Adenoids, recurrent acute otitis media, obstructive sleep apnea, pyrosequencing, microbiome
Abstract

OBJECTIVE: To compare the microbial flora of adenoids from patients with recurrent acute otitis media (AOM) and patients with obstructive sleep apnea (OSA).

 

MATERIALS and METHODS: This study was prospective and controlled. Adenoids were obtained from children undergoing adenoidectomy for recurrent AOM (n=7) or OSA (n=13). Specimens were processed for total deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) isolation. 16s DNA 454-pyrosequencing was performed on AOM (n=5) and OSA (n=5) specimens. All specimens were analyzed by real-time polymerase chain reaction for the quantification of the oral commensal bacteria, Streptococcus salivarius.

 

RESULTS: All adenoid specimens had evidence of microbes. Haemophilus influenzae, Moraxella catarrhalis, Streptococcus pneumoniae, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, and Staphylococcus aureus were among the dominant species in all samples. S. salivarius, Prevotella sp. and Terrahaemophilus aromaticivorans were more common on adenoids from OSA patients (p<0.05). Bradyrhizobium sp. was more common on adenoids from patients with recurrent AOM (p<0.05). The microbial profiles associated with recurrent AOM were different from, but overlapped with OSA. S. salivarius quantified by real-time PCR was not different between the two groups.

 

 

CONCLUSION: Microbes are present on all adenoid specimens, though the microbial profile differs between recurrent AOM and OSA. The clinical significance of these differences remains to be determined.

 

 

Cite this article as: Dirain CO, Silva RC, Collins WO, Antonelli PJ. The Adenoid Microbiome in Recurrent Acute Otitis Media and Obstructive Sleep Apnea. J Int Adv Otol 2017; 13: 333-9.

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