ISSN 1308-7649 | E-ISSN 2148-3817
Review
Balloon Eustachian Tuboplasty: Systematic Review of Long-term Outcomes and Proposed Indications
1 Department of Otorhinolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery, Head and Neck Center, Helsinki University Hospital and University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland  
2 Department of Otorhinolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery, Tampere University Hospital and University of Tampere, Tampere, Finland  
3 Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Akershus University Hospital and Campus AHUS/University of Oslo, Akershus and Oslo, Norway  
J Int Adv Otol 2018; 14: 112-126
DOI: 10.5152/iao.2018.4769
Key Words: Eustachian tube dysfunction, balloon dilation, balloon Eustachian tuboplasty, outcome, indication
Abstract

Balloon Eustachian tuboplasty (BET) aims to improve the function of the Eustachian tube (ET). The objective of this study was to review the longterm outcome of BET and present the process and results of outlining indications for BET by the Finnish Otosurgical Society. The literature review is based on a database search performed in May 2017. The search resulted in 100 individual articles, which were screened for relevance. Five articles fulfilled the inclusion criteria (follow-up ≥12 months). Five additional articles (follow-up, 6–11 months) were analyzed to obtain supportive information. The proposed BET indications were constituted in the 2016 annual meeting of the Finnish Otosurgical Society. The workshop included a review of the Eustachian tube physiology, middle ear aeration mechanisms, and BET outcome studies. Thereafter, the members of the Society first voted and then discussed 14 cases in order to conclude whether BET was indicated in each case, and subsequently, a consensus statement on the indications for BET was outlined. The long-term follow-up studies were heterogeneous regarding the Eustachian tube dysfunction (ETD) definition, patient selection, follow-up duration, additional treatments, and outcome measures. The current, but limited, evidence suggests that BET is effective in the long-term. However, more long-term studies with uniform criteria and outcome measures as well as placebo-controlled studies are needed. The proposed indications for BET by the Finnish Otosurgical Society include chronic bothersome symptoms referring to ETD, ETD-related symptoms when pressure changes rapidly, or recurring serous otitis media. With the current evidence, we suggest treating only adults with BET.

 

Cite this article as: Luukkainen V, Kivekäs I, Silvola J, Jero J, Sinkkonen ST. Balloon Eustachian Tuboplasty: Systematic Review of Long-term Outcomes and Proposed Indications. J Int Adv Otol 2018; 14(1): 112-26.

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