ISSN 1308-7649 | E-ISSN 2148-3817
Original Article
Multidetector Computed Tomography Findings of Auto-Evacuated Secondary Acquired Cholesteatoma: A Morphologic and Quantitative Analysis
1 Department of Radiology, Şişli Hamidiye Etfal Training and Research Hospital, İstanbul, Turkey  
2 Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Acıbadem University Hospital, İstanbul, Turkey  
3 Department of Radiology, Istanbul Training and Research Hospital, İstanbul, Turkey  
J Int Adv Otol ; : -
DOI: 10.5152/iao.2018.4859
Key Words: Cholesteatoma, computed tomography, aural discharge, diagnosis, attic distance
Abstract

OBJECTIVES: To describe and quantify computed tomography (CT) findings of auto-evacuated (spontaneously drained) secondary acquired cholesteatoma (SAC).


MATERIALS and METHODS
: This multicenter retrospective study included 69 patients with intermittent ear discharge diagnosed with SAC by autoscopy or automicroscopy who were surgically treated. Three independent radiologists measured the medial and lateral attic distance on coronal and axial planes using multidetector computed tomography (MDCT) in 75 ear CTs from 69 patients with intraoperatively verified diagnoses of pars flaccida cholesteatoma (n=36), pars tensa cholesteatoma (n=24), and auto-atticotomy or automastoidectomy (n=15) and compared them with contralateral healthy ears.


RESULTS
: A circular or elliptical air-filled cavity surrounded by granulation tissue was morphologically detected on MDCT in these patients. The lateral attic distance was significantly higher in pars flaccida cholesteatoma cases than in contralateral healthy ears on both coronal and axial planes (p<0.05). The medial attic distance was significantly higher in pars tensa cholesteatoma cases than in contralateral healthy ears in the axial pane, but with no difference in the coronal plane.


CONCLUSION
: In patients with chronic intermittent aural discharge, nonopacified areas surrounded by granulation tissue, which expands the medial or lateral attic in a CT scan, suggest an auto-evacuated cholesteatoma.


Cite this article as
: Çelebi İ, Bozkurt G, Mahmutoğlu AS, Guliyev U. Multidetector Computed Tomography Findings of Auto-Evacuated Secondary Acquired Cholesteatoma: A Morphologic and Quantitative Analysis. J Int Adv Otol 2018; DOI: 10.5152/iao.2018.4859.

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AVES | Copyright © 2018 The European Academy of Otology and Neurotology | Latest Update: 16.08.2018