ISSN 1308-7649 | E-ISSN 2148-3817
Original Article
Development of a Turkish Monosyllabic Word Recognition Test for Adults
1 Department of Otorhinolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Hearing, Balance and Speech Unit, Dokuz Eylül University Faculty of Medicine, İzmir, Turkey  
2 Department of Computer Engineering, Dokuz Eylül University Faculty of Engineering, İzmir, Turkey  
J Int Adv Otol 2014; 10: 172-180
DOI: 10.5152/iao.2014.118
Key Words: Monosyllabic word, speech recognition test, speech audiometry, word lists

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to develop a Turkish-specific speech recognition test, considering phonemic balance, homogeneity, and familiarity criteria.


MATERIALS and METHODS: The most frequently used Turkish monosyllabic words were selected from the corpus. Thirty-six young adults with normal hearing were divided into two groups and asked to listen to words from the word pool; the words were given twice at six different intensity levels. The least and most frequently known words were identified and eliminated in order to provide homogeneity. Three word lists, each composed of 50 phonemically balanced words, were developed to be used in the tests. These lists were divided into two according to the phonemic balance criteria.


RESULTS: No statistically significant difference was found among the word lists. Furthermore, the internal reliability of each list was analyzed using KR-20 and was found to be above 98% for all lists.



CONCLUSION: The lists derived from the Turkish language were ascertained to be appropriate for use. As a result of using the developed lists to test individuals with various auditory pathologies, it will be possible to assess the lists’ capability to distinguish pathological cases according to the location of the pathology.

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