The Journal of International Advanced Otology
Original Article

Effect of Growth Factor Supplementation on the Hair Cell Specific Markers of Cells Harvested from Basilar Membrane

1.

Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia Medical Centre, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia; Tissue Engineering Centre, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia Medical Centre, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia

2.

Department of Physiology, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia Medical Centre, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia; Tissue Engineering Centre, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia Medical Centre, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia

3.

Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia Medical Centre, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.

4.

Ear, Nose and Throat Consultant Clinic, Ampang Puteri Specialist Hospital, Selangor, Malaysia

5.

Tissue Engineering Centre, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia Medical Centre, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.

J Int Adv Otol 2015; 11: 23-29
DOI: 10.5152/iao.2015.539
Read: 6 Downloads: 1 Published: 03 September 2019

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: Loss of auditory hair cells is a major cause of deafness. The presence of auditory progenitor cells in the inner ear raises the hope for mammalian inner ear cell regeneration. In this study, we aimed to investigate the effect of growth factor supplementations, namely a combination of epidermal growth factor (EGF), insulin-like growth factor (IGF), and beta (β)-fibroblast growth factor (βFGF), on the expression of hair cell-specific markers by cells harvested from the cochlear membrane. This would provide an insight into the capability of these cells to differentiate into hair cells.

 

MATERIALS and METHODS: EGF, IGF, and βFGF were supplemented into the culture medium. The cells were evaluated by morphology, growth kinetic, gene expression, and protein expression.

 

RESULTS: The cultured cells of mouse basilar membrane were spindle shaped. Growth factors-enriched medium promotes a significantly higher proliferative activity than the basic culture medium but did not alter the cell morphology. Growth factors-enriched medium did not show any significant differences in the protein expression of the hair cell-specific markers myosin VIIa and calretinin and the stem-cell marker nestin. Gene expression analysis showed that the expression of the hair cell-specific genes myosin VIIa and calretinin as well as the stem cell genes nestin, Rex1, and Sox2 was reduced after the cells were passaged in the growth factor-supplemented medium. Cells in the basic medium expressed a significantly higher level of hair cell-specific genes at certain passages.

 

CONCLUSION: Growth factor supplementation could not maintain the expression of hair cell-specific markers by cells obtained from the cochlear membrane.

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ISSN1308-7649 EISSN 2148-3817