ISSN 1308-7649 | E-ISSN 2148-3817
Original Article
Short-Term Hearing Prognosis of Ossiculoplasty in Pars Flaccida Cholesteatoma Using the EAONO/JOS Staging System
1 Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Hokkaido University, School of Medicine and Graduate School of Medicine, Hokkaido, Japan  
J Int Adv Otol 2019; 15: 2-7
DOI: 10.5152/iao.2019.5983
Key Words: Cholesteatoma, tympanoplasty, prognosis, hearing
Abstract

 

OBJECTIVES: The aim of the present study was to investigate the prognostic factors for short-term hearing outcomes of ossiculoplasty for primary pars flaccida cholesteatoma according to the European Academy of Otology and Neurotology/Japanese Otological Society (EAONO/JOS) and 2015 JOS staging systems.

 

MATERIALS and METHODS: A total of 34 patients with primary pars flaccida cholesteatoma who underwent one-stage tympanomastoidectomy with partial ossicular reconstruction using double cartilage block were included in the study. The postoperative pure-tone average air–bone gap (PTA-ABG) was calculated, and two criteria of successful hearing outcomes were defined as ≤10 and ≤20 dB. Patients were classified according to the EAONO/JOS and 2015 JOS staging systems. Cochran–Armitage test was used to statistically analyze staging, and Fisher’s exact test was used to analyze other factors.

 

RESULTS: Successful hearing outcome with postoperative PTA-ABG ≤10 and ≤20 dB occurred in 23.5% and 55.9% of cases, respectively. When postoperative PTA-ABG ≤20 dB was defined as successful, the success rate significantly decreased with increase in EAONO/JOS stage, and S0 pathological status of the stapes (no involvement) was a significantly favorable predictive factor. When postoperative PTA-ABG ≤10 dB was regarded as successful, the significantly favorable predictive factors were S0 pathological status of the stapes and development of mastoid cells with MC2–3 (better developed cells).

 

CONCLUSION: Favorable prognostic factors for hearing outcomes of tympanomastoidectomy with partial ossicular reconstruction for primary pars flaccida cholesteatoma were low stage following the EAONO/JOS staging system and no stapes involvement and better development of mastoid cells following the 2015 JOS staging system.

 

Cite this article as: Fukuda A, Morita S, Nakamaru Y, Hoshino K, Fujiwara K, Homma A. Short-Term Hearing Prognosis of Ossiculoplasty in Pars Flaccida Cholesteatoma Using the EAONO/JOS Staging System. J Int Adv Otol 2019; 15(1): 2-7.

Key Words
Authors
All
Author's Corner
Reviewer's Corner
Survey
AVES | Copyright © 2019 The European Academy of Otology and Neurotology | Latest Update: 15.08.2019