ISSN 1308-7649 | E-ISSN 2148-3817
Original Article
Acute Mastoiditis in Children as Persisting Problem
1 Clinic of Otorhinolaryngology and Maxillofacial Surgery, Belgrade University Faculty of Medicine, Clinical Centre of Serbia, Belgrade, Serbia  
2 Clinic of Radiology, Clinical Centre of Serbia, Belgrade, Serbia (  
J Int Adv Otol 2014; 10: 60-63
DOI: 10.5152/iao.2014.013
Key Words: mastoiditis, otitis media, children, complications

OBJECTIVE: Acute mastoiditis is serious otological condition which may cause difficult, sometimes fatal complications. The aim of the study is to present our experiences in diagnosis and treatment of acute mastoiditis in children.


MATERIALS and METHODS: Medical records of 52 children with diagnosis of acute mastoiditis were reviewed retrospectively. Data on clinical presentation, laboratory tests,  microbiological and radiological features, prehospital treatment and delay in making the diagnosis, hospital treatment and outcome were analyzed. A relationship between white blood cell count or level of C-reactive protein and therapeutic protocols was investigated.


RESULTS: All children were admitted as emergency patients and were treated with intravenous antibiotics. Almost 15% of patients were not examined by a doctor prior to hospitalization. The conservative treatment was successfully conducted in 15% of patients. One-third of the patients were recovered after myringotomy. Almost a half of the patients underwent surgical procedure such as antrotomy, mastoidectomy or tympanomastoidectomy. Computed tomography (CT) scan was done in patients with signs of developing complications and those with no improvement after the beginning of treatment.


CONCLUSION: Acute mastoiditis is still persisting problem in our health care system. An early diagnosis and adequate treatment of acute mastoiditis is essential in order to prevent serious complications.

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