ISSN 1308-7649 | E-ISSN 2148-3817
Original Article
The Effects of Methylprednisolone and Vitamin A on the Healing of Traumatic Peripheral Nerve Paralysis
1 Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Mersin University Faculty of Medicine, Mersin, Turkey  
2 Department of Biophysics, Mersin University Faculty of Medicine, Mersin, Turkey  
3 Department of Pathology, Mersin University Faculty of Medicine, Mersin, Turkey  
4 Department of Histology, Mersin University Faculty of Medicine, Mersin, Turkey  
5 Department of Biostatistics, Mersin University Faculty of Medicine, Mersin, Turkey  
6 Department of Biochemistry, Mersin University Faculty of Medicine, Mersin, Turkey  
7 Department of Neurosurgery, Mersin University Faculty of Medicine, Mersin, Turkey  
8 Department of Medical School, Mersin University Faculty of Medicine, Mersin, Turkey  
J Int Adv Otol 2014; 10: 275-280
DOI: 10.5152/iao.2014.146
Key Words: Facial nerve, peripheral nerve, vitamin A, steroids, traumatic nerve paralysis
Abstract

OBJECTIVE: This study planned to evaluate the effects of vitamin A (VA) and steroid treatment on nerve healing. Study design: we investigated electrophysiological, electron microscopic (EM), immunohistochemical, and biochemical findings in rat sciatic nerve model.

 

MATERIALS and METHODS: In total, 112 female rats were divided into 16 groups, each consisting of 7 animals. Subjects were evaluated according to compound muscle action potential (CMAP) findings, ultrastructural staging of myelinated axons with EM, nitric oxide (NO) and malondialdehyde (MDA) findings in serum and tissue, and immunohistochemical findings in the first week and first month.

 

RESULTS: NO and MDA levels in serum and tissue were found to be statistically lower after high-dose methylprednisolone (MP), normal-dose MP, high-dose MP+VA, normal-dose, and MP+VA treatment modalities compared to controls (p<0.05). The most similar EM findings compared to control animals were seen in the normal-dose MP and high-dose MP+VA treatment groups. The best amplitude values were seen in the high-dose MP and continuous normal-dose MP therapy groups in the first month. In the normal-dose MP and high-dose MP+VA treatment groups, intense staining was found compared to the control and sham groups according to the sciatic nerve immunohistochemical examination.

 

CONCLUSION: This study revealed noticeable VA effects on the inflammatory process during the healing of traumatic nerve paralysis by electron microscopy and immunohistochemistry. However, similar findings were not established by electrophysiology. Therefore, more experimental studies are needed to further investigate the efficacy and the mechanism of action of VA on steroid administration and the inflammatory process. 

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