The Journal of International
Advanced Otology
Original Article

Audiological and Vestibular Measurements in Chronic Renal Failure Patients Receiving Hemodialysis Treatment

1.

Department of Audiology, Başkent University, Faculty of Medicine, Ankara, Turkey

2.

Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Başkent University, Faculty of Medicine, Ankara, Turkey

3.

Department of Nephrology, Başkent University, Faculty of Medicine Adana Hospital, Adana, Turkey

J Int Adv Otol 2024; 20: 50-56
DOI: 10.5152/iao.2024.231235
Read: 260 Downloads: 120 Published: 01 February 2024

BACKGROUND: The aim was to evaluate the changes in the audiovestibular system in adult patients with the diagnosis of chronic renal failure who were treated with hemodialysis.

METHODS: Thirty-five patients diagnosed with chronic renal failure and receiving hemodialysis treatment 3 days a week and 35 healthy individuals were tested with pure tone audiometry, video head impulse test, and post-head shake nystagmus test. Dizziness Handicap Inventory was applied to all participants.

RESULTS: The Dizziness Handicap Inventory scores of the patient groups are higher than the control groups (P=.001). In the video head impulse test, there is no statistically significant difference between the patient and control groups in terms of gain asymmetry. 17.1% of the patients had both left and right lateral saccades (P=.03). A statistically significant difference was also found after the post-head shake test (P=.025). In the patient group, an inverse relationship between the presence of left anterior right posterior saccades and blood urea nitrogen–creatinine ratio and a direct relationship between the presence of right anterior left posterior saccades and creatinine elevation were determined. The presence of saccades in the video head impulse test increased significantly as the disease duration of hemodialysis patients increased.

CONCLUSION: It was determined that the overt and covert saccades in the video head impulse test increased significantly as the creatinine increased and the duration of the disease increased in the patients with chronic renal failure. The common clinical usage of video head impulse test in monitoring the vestibular side effects of creatinine elevation and disease duration in chronic renal failure patients may be possible with future studies.

Cite this article as: Ozmen A, Ozer F, Torun D, Seyra Erbek H, Erbek SS, Ozluoglu LN. Audiological and vestibular measurements in chronic renal failure patients receiving hemodialysis treatment. J Int Adv Otol. 2024;20(1):50-56.

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