The Journal of International
Advanced Otology
Original Article

Hearing Loss Among Families with 2 and More Affected Members in Golestan Province, Iran: A Cross-Sectional Study of 320 Families


Student Research Committee, Golestan University of Medical Sciences, Gorgan, Iran


Gorgan Congenital Malformations Research Center, Golestan University of Medical Sciences, Gorgan, Iran


Ischemic Disorders Research Center, Golestan University of Medical Sciences, Gorgan, Iran


Department of Medical Genetics, Golestan University of Medical Sciences, School of Advanced Technologies in Medicine, Gorgan, Iran

J Int Adv Otol 2024; 20: 44-49
DOI: 10.5152/iao.2024.231214
Read: 332 Downloads: 124 Published: 01 February 2024

BACKGROUND: Our study centers on various aspects of families who have 2 or more members with hearing loss (HL) and are living in Golestan province in Iran. We aimed to identify those families with the highest probability of hereditary HL and also to examine the impact of consanguinity among them.

METHODS: The families included in the study underwent a comprehensive screening process that involved their prenatal and postnatal histories as well as family medical histories. Additionally, each patient received a thorough clinical ear examination. The evaluation also took into account factors such as patterns of inheritance, consanguinity, a 3-generation pedigree, and physical examination. Following this initial assessment, patients were referred for a complete hearing evaluation, which included pure-tone audiometry, speech recognition threshold, otoacoustic emission, and auditory brainstem response tests.

RESULTS: We identified a total of 8553 individuals living in Golestan province who are hearing impaired. Among those, our records indicate that 320 families had at least 2 affected members. The rate of consanguinity marriage in non-syndromic families was 64.43%. Also, a significant number (88.12%, or n=282) of the families exhibited hereditary HL, among which a substantial proportion (89.72%, or n=253) presented with nonsyndromic forms of HL. Furthermore, bilateral, stable, and prelingual HL were the most frequently observed types, and a majority of the patients were diagnosed with sensorineural and profound HL.

CONCLUSION: This study revealed a correlation between consanguinity and the incidence of familial HL, with more probability of bilateral, prelingual, sensorineural, and profound forms

Cite this article as: Al Sudani ZM, Khosravi T, Oladnabi M. Hearing loss among families with 2 and more affected members in Golestan province, Iran: A cross-sectional study of 320 families. J Int Adv Otol. 2024;20(1):44-49.

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